Melasma is a pretty common condition that isn't well understood by most people. It often occurs in pregnant women, but is known to be set off by certain medications as well. In this post we'll break down how to treat melasma and also what melasma is, what are some melasma causes and where it can occur.
What is Melasma?
Before discussing how to treat melasma, we need to understand what exactly it is. Melasma is a condition where a hormone called Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone (MSH) is produced in the pituitary gland during pregnancy, or with certain medications. The most common medications that cause melasma are oral and patch birth control, and hormone replacement therapy.
There are two types of melasma: epidermal, which just affects the top layer of skin, and dermal, which goes deeper. Diagnosing this disorder and the type must be done by a physician. Melasma could indicate another health problem or disorder, so it is important to see a doctor for confirmation.
Regardless of the melasma causes, hormone stimulation can lead to an excess of melanin (skin pigment) being released into the skin, resulting in the appearance of dark spots and discoloration.
Where Can Melasma Occur?
Although most common on the face, it also can appear on other parts of the body that's often exposed to the sun, such as the forearms and neck, as UV exposure fuels melasma and hyperpigmentation.
How Does Melasma Occur?
While UV light exposure stimulates melanin production during exposure time only, hormones, (including female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone) continue to stimulate excess pigment production 24 hours a day. What's worse is when anyone with a hormone imbalance exposes their skin to UV light it can cause any existing pigmented areas to get even darker. This is one reason that hormonally stimulated pigmentation can be so much harder to treat.
The female hormones estrogen and progesterone (produced in the ovaries), can stimulate the melanocyte to produce more melanin, which can occur anywhere on the body. This is why the condition happens so frequently in women who are pregnant or on a hormone-related medication.
Do Genetics Affect Melasma?
Melasma can affect any race, but is much more common in darker skin tones. It's commonly seen in people of East Asian, Southeast Asian and Hispanic origin who live in areas of the world with intense solar UV exposure. The darker the skin is, the more prominent the pigmentation.
How to Treat Melasma
Once melasma causes are eliminated, or run their natural course (such as after a baby has been delivered), or you stop taking any melasma-inducing medication (with a doctor's approval), melasma can fade on its own. Some people, however, may have melasma for years – or even a lifetime. (Source: www.aad.org)
How to fade dark spots caused by melasma and how to treat melasma in general can be tricky, but if you use the right products it's entirely possible. Thankfully Bioelements has the products and the professional treatments to help anyone that is struggling with melasma or any type of hyperpigmentation. Just follow these steps:
The first thing you need to do is speed up cell turnover so that the damaged overly pigmented and dead skin cells can be removed. This will also help ensure your skin will be able to deeply and evenly absorb formulas with key ingredients designed to target excess melanin production. Try: Quick Refiner, Pumice Peel or Measured Micrograins +.
To treat melasma, use Bioelements LightPlex GigaWatt Dark Spot Corrector to pinpoint and obliterate dark spots, and LightPlex MegaWatt Skin Brightener to brighten overall discoloration – each work as a great melasma cream. The key ingredients in these formulas all work together, from different angles to target how the excess pigment is formed. In fact, both products boast scientifically tested results in just 2 weeks, including significant improvement of dark spots and discoloration.
It's a MUST that you are diligent with your broad spectrum sunscreen in all areas where melasma appears (and on all exposed skin as well). This will keep the affected areas from getting darker by protecting your skin from UV exposure. We recommend Bioelements Broad Spectrum RayDefense SPF30 or SPF50 FaceScreen.
Book a series of Bioelements Depigmenting and Brightening Facials at a spa that carries Bioelements near you.
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