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Hyperpigmentation/Skin Discoloration

Why do I have Hyperpigmentation?

Melanin gives your skin its natural color. But sometimes melanin can distribute unevenly, causing dark spots and discoloration – or hyperpigmentation.

There are 3 main triggers of hyperpigmentation:

1. UV Exposure
When skin is exposed to the sun’s UVA and UVB rays, it triggers melanin production. It’s a response to injury – the skin cells have been hurt by UV rays. Over time, this damage causes an uneven distribution of melanin. It “clumps up” producing irregular, blotchy coloring or pigmentation.

2. Hormonal Imbalances
Hormonal changes that happen internally in the body can affect the skin’s pigment. This often occurs as a result of pregnancy, birth control, certain medications or hormone replacement therapy. Each of these instances can lead to a surge in melanin production. 

3. Injury
Hyperpigmentation can be triggered by our skin’s own self-healing mechanism, when an inflammatory response occurs after an injury. This can include acne, waxing, improperly performed laser treatments or deep extractions, abrasions, insect bites and razor bumps.
Why do I have Hyperpigmentation?

Age Spots/Hyperpigmentation

UV damage can lead to the production of solar lentigines – also known as “age spots” or “liver spots.” These spots of hyperpigmentation can vary in size and color, from light gray to light or dark brown or black. They usually appear on the face, hands, shoulder or arms – areas most exposed to the sun. Most common in adults over 40, but they can appear in younger people depending on their UV exposure.
Age Spots/Hyperpigmentation

Melasma/Pregnancy mask

Often called “the mask of pregnancy,” melasma usually occurs during or right after pregnancy. Although the exact cause is not known, there is a link between hormone imbalances and melasma. It often has a ‘smudgy’ look. When exposed to UV light, the pigmented areas of melasma get even darker. 90% of all melasma cases are women.*

*Source: American Academy of Dermatology

Melasma/Pregnancy mask

PIH – Post ­Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

PIH is an example of injury-triggered pigmentation. It appears at the sight of inflammation after an underlying skin condition or injury has healed (such as acne). It can appear as brown, black, pink or red marks – usually at the sight of injury. UV light will cause the pigmented area to get even darker.

PIH – Post ­Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Treat hyperpigmentation: Exfoliate

Without proper exfoliation, dead skin cells can get trapped on the skin's surface. When they're trapped, they build up. Exfoliation is a key step when targeting dark spots and discoloration – as it speeds up cell turnover to remove hyperpigmented cells faster. 

Exfoliation also removes the upper “crust” of skin so active lightening and brightening products can better penetrate the skin.
Treat hyperpigmentation: Exfoliate

Treat hyperpigmentation:
Lighten + Brighten

Each of the key ingredients in both Bioelements LightPlex® MegaWatt Skin Brightener and LightPlex® GigaWatt Dark Spot Corrector work together, from different angles, to target melanin production and fade the signs of existing damage.

Treat hyperpigmentation:Lighten + Brighten

Treating hyperpigmentation:
Add a daily antioxidant

Chronological aging slows down skin’s ability to naturally repair itself. A daily dose of antioxidant vitamin C will help clarify skin and encourage its ability to defend against toxins. You’ll see brighter, more energized, clarified skin.

Treating hyperpigmentation:Add a daily antioxidant

Treat hyperpigmentation:
Apply SPF – daily!

Sunscreen is key to preventing hyperpigmentation. Sun damage can cause an uneven increase in melanocytes, which produce irregular coloring or pigmentation on your skin. Flat spots of increased pigmentation - called solar lentigines - are usually brown, black, or gray, and can appear in areas most exposed to the sun. Solar lentigines tend to become more numerous with repeated sun exposure and with advancing age.

Two-thirds of all sun exposure is incidental, so avoiding hyperpigmentation doesn’t mean only applying broad spectrum SPF when going to the beach. It’s not tropical vacations that cause hyperpigmentation - it’s daily life!
Treat hyperpigmentation:Apply SPF – daily!